MSU logo
Asia Pacific Journal of Marine Science&Education


Volume 3, No.1, 2013

(Download Abstracts (RUS) in PDF) (Download Contributors (EN) in PDF)
Victor A. Kulesh

IMPROVING OPERATIONAL RELIABILITY OF ICE REINFORCEMENTS OF VESSELS HULLS

(Download article in PDF)
Abstract

Problems of modernization of the Russian merchant fleet are mainly solved by overseas-built vessels. Most of them are not accommodated for operation in ice. As such operations in Russian conditions inevitably lead to considerable damages to ship hulls. One way to improve ice-operation reliability of these vessels is to use exposed welded segments. However some issues of its application remain unsettled and adequate solutions are needed. In particular it is a problem of efficiency which is studied in this article.

Keywords

damages to vessels in ice, vessel repair, reliability degree, outboard segments, efficiency.

References (click to expand/close)
Yuri A. Komarovskiy

RELIABILITY OF DIFFERENTIAL CORRECTION RECEPTION IN PORTS

(Download article in PDF)
Abstract

Signals from satellite radionavigational system differential station (DGNSS), designed to improve the accuracy of navigation, have been used for over 30 years. Notwithstanding the fact, until present day the data of how reliably the signals are received in ports is lacking. Experimental data processing has demonstrated that the number of differential correction reception failures is unexpectedly large. These occur due to diurnal changes in the lower layers of ionosphere, due to terrain relief, as well as due to radiointerference. Failures can last for hours. The paper gives an analysis of failure diurnal range characteristics and recommendations to overcome these.

Keywords

GNSS-beacon, differential correction, loss of differential corrections.

References (click to expand/close)
Maxim O. Maksimov, Alexander A. Lentarev

TOWARDS STATISTICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF TRAFFIC FLOW

(Download article in PDF)
Abstract

The authors present the results of statistical data processing on vessel traffic in different parts of the World Ocean. It is particularly shown that distances abeam between the own ship and neighboring vessels comply with the normal distribution law while the statistically important relation between distances abeam and length of surrounding vessels has not been found. The received results provide additional information on the statistical characteristics of traffic flows and can be used in theoretical and experimental research related to, e.g. vessel traffic modeling in various traffic patterns study.

Keywords

vessel, traffic flows, vessel traffic, vessel flow characteristics, ship-traffic characteristics, distance abeam, distribution function.

References (click to expand/close)
Moon-Soo Jeong

RESTORATION OF THE SEAPORT CITIES NETWORK FOR THE NEW MARITIME ERA

(Download article in PDF)
Abstract

Before making of the nation state, it is apparent that there were seaport cities and networks between them which had more autonomy than in modern times. As a result of the crises of modernity, the advent of so called ‘New Maritime Era’ is asked for ‘the seaport city’ and ‘the network between seaport cities’ as the key unit for analysis rather than the nation state. Regarding to this paradigm shift, we are now having one of the important task to bring to light how to construct a gentle public sphere, going beyond the divisive national consciousness and border.
The network between seaport cities implies harmonious coexistence between human and human, society and society, man and nature as well as between seaport city and city. Being different from Europe, in Asia there still exist strongly the divisive nationalism and the national border. In order to revive or create network between seaport cities in Asia, I think the concept of the governance and subsidiarity principle are very useful, which meet the new maritime era.
Recently the mutual efforts both Korea and Japan to make cross border region between Busan and Fukuoka, which cooperates several fields including economy, education etc. is the model case. With the background of the crises of modernity, the return of ocean means that the ontology is substituted for the theory of relation.
The discourse on the ocean or sea in the classics such as Lao-tzu and Zizhi Tongjian tell us the new ideals of ‘seatizen’ and ‘seavilization’ as well as a vision for cooperation and coexistence.
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (NRF-2008-361-B00001)

Keywords

seaport city, network of seaport cities, sea area, new maritime era, coexistence, cultural interaction, governance, subsidiarity

References (click to expand/close)
Valeriy V. Tarasov

MODULE FOR REJECTED ENGINE OILS RECLAIMING FROM POWER GENERATING UNITS IN OFFSHORE OIL & GAS FACILITIES

(Download article in PDF)
Abstract

It has been developed a module structure as a part of low-tonnage recovery unit РУМС-1 for removing water and fuel fraction (WFF) from the engine oil being rejected due to quality reasons, combustion engines (CE) of power units in marine oil and gas facilities (MOGF) on the shelf of Arctic and North seas. It has been proposed a way of removing WFF from used engine oil (UEO) using consecutive two-phase drop-film distillation which in the first phase occurs in expanding linear stream and then in cyclone thermo-vacuum evaporators of the module, respectively.

Keywords

engine lube oil, liquid contaminants, rejected engine oil, reclaiming, combustion engines, engine oil recovery, water and fuel fraction, continental shelf, marine oil&gas facility

References (click to expand/close)
Andrey I. Fisenko

CONDITION AND PROSPECTS OF MARITIME FREIGHT TRANSPORTATIONS IN THE SOUTHERN ZONE OF THE RUSSIAN FAR EAST

(Download article in PDF)
Abstract

The author made an analysis of cargo turnover in the regional sea ports for the period of 2010-2011 as well as gave characteristic of transit potential and cargo base of the international transport corridor «West - East» toward the Asia-Pacific countries. The article also presents the prospects for transshipment of cargo in the Russian Far East seaports in conditions of growing competitiveness of such foreign sea ports as ones of China, Japan and South Korea. The author shows the role and importance of the Transsib railways in the growth of cargo turnover of the Russian Far East sea ports and identifies issues to improve the efficiency of the ports operations.

Keywords

seaports, cargo flows, freight traffic, cargo base, transit potential, Asia-Pacific region, Trans-Siberian Railway.

References (click to expand/close)
Sergey V. Glushkov, Natalia G. Levchenko

USE OF NEURAL NETWORK TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING EFFICIENCY OF TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS PROCESSES

(Download article in PDF)
Abstract

The article reviews a method of development and modeling of information system in an enterprise providing a package of services in a multimodal transportation sphere. The model is developed for further research of the enterprise information system, its performance prediction and operations optimization. The method is based on the technique of fuzzy neural networks.

Keywords

information system, logistics, maritime transport, simulation modeling, expert system, intelligent control, artificial intelligence, neural information technology, fuzzy logic, neural network.

References (click to expand/close)
Anastasia O. Barannikova

DPRK-ROK MARITIME BOUNDARY IN THE YELLOW (WEST) SEA: FROM THE SOURCE OF CONFLICTS TO THE ZONE OF COOPERATION

(Download article in PDF)
Abstract

Northern Limit Line in the Yellow Sea, initially drawn as a line for preventing conflicts between DPRK and ROK now turned into source of conflicts. NLL was drawn unilaterally, was not legally provided and even breaches UNCLOS. Controversial status of NLL causes conflicts and military clashes in disputed waters, followed by military buildup by both countries. In order to prevent the area from becoming another “hot spot” urgent measures are needed. Considering current relations between DPRK and ROK, the issue cannot be settled at once. The only possible way to solve the problem is the negotiation process between two countries aimed to improving relations between them and reviving peaceful projects and agreements reached in 2007. As the problem of maritime boundary between DPRK and ROK is closely connected with security of the whole Northeast Asian region, all countries neighboring both Koreas should also contribute to solving problem.

Keywords

Northern Limit Line, Choseon West Sea Military Demarcation Line, Yellow Sea, DPRK, ROK, Korean Peninsula, Northeast Asia, UNCLOS, Armistice Agreement, disputed waters.

References (click to expand/close)
Natalya V. Borodina

USE OF SAIL TRAINING SHIP IN SEAFARERS’ PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION

(Download article in PDF)
Abstract

Among the most vital issues for the shipping industry all over the globe is the improvement of maritime security and prevention accidents at sea. Human factor is considered to be the root cause of most accidents at sea; therefore to prevent accidents through people is one of the best options to ensure marine safety and environmental protection. The “bulk” of these problems comes from organizational errors and promotes a cultural change to develop a “do it right” mindset.
The existence of the training fleet or ship(s) owned by the maritime educational institutions can drastically help in the above mentioned task. One of the most important issues in this case is to correctly organize the cadets’ on-board training, to ensure all and every opportunity for each cadet to train and “drill” the required skills and abilities.

Keywords

human factor; improve maritime safety; on-board training; prevent accidents at sea; professional training; sailing ship; skills and abilities; training ship.

References (click to expand/close)
Irina V. Gerasimova

HOW TO PROVIDE THE QUALITY TRAINING OF SHIPBOARD PERSONNEL

(Download article in PDF)
Abstract

The problem of quality of maritime professional training is evaluated in the article. The results of research revealing labor functions in which young graduates of Maritime University tend to have difficulties in theory and practice are introduced. Dynamics of professionally important psycho-physiological functions of cadets enrolled to study for the last 9 years has also been presented. The author thinks that unification of efforts of administration and academics at Maritime University, of industry and research personnel is one of the main ways to stabilize the quality of training the cadets.

Keywords

quality of professional training, professional competence, professional psychological selection, psychological follow-up of education process.

References (click to expand/close)
Larisa A. Donina

URGENT QUESTIONS AND PERSPECTIVES OF SECONDARY PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT

(Download article in PDF)
Abstract

A brief analytical symbiosis of problems existing nowadays in the secondary professional education is represented in the article from the point of view of interrelation of professional education and the labor market. The analysis of the market condition of the highly qualified working force according to its professional and qualification balance (the angle of the problem of personnel insufficiency/abundance, satisfaction with the level of employees’ professionalism) is given within the framework of this article. Characteristics of the system of secondary professional education is provided and perspective trends of secondary professional education (SPE) development are presented for the purpose of the state educational politics. Initially this article was presented as a report on crucial issues of maritime vocational secondary education at a regional scientific and practical conference “Problems and prospects of vocational secondary education in the Far East of Russia”, which was held on May 23-24, 2013 at Maritime college of Admiral Nevelskoy Maritime State University.

Keywords

secondary professional education, elementary professional education, professional technical education, Federal State Educational Standards, Federal Targeted Program, material technical support, competency, competence.

Alexei Yu. Strelkov

TEACHING COMMUNICATIVE APPROACH-BASED ENGLISH TO MSU CADETS

(Download article in PDF)
Abstract

Communicative approach in language teaching has become widely used in European countries and the USA. Nowadays there are a lot of language schools and courses providing language training based on these principles, and supported by the system of assessment including commonly accepted TOEFL, IELTS, and other testing tools. It seems expedient to apply the methodology for the sake of language training of future seafarers. The efforts to do so are being undertaken by Maritime English Dept, the Maritime Academy, MSU in Vladivostok, Russia. There are some hindrances in the way which could be eliminated through joint efforts on the part of the shipping industry, University administration, and teaching staff. Positive outcomes of introducing communicative approach in Kherson State Maritime Academy can be used as guidance for finding solution to the problems.

Keywords

communicative approach, language skills, psychological barrier, a facilitator, closed pairs, open pairs, group work, responsibility, commitment, motivation.

References (click to expand/close)

RUSSIAN MARITIME SEMIANNUAL INFORMATION BULLETIN

(Download article in PDF)

© Admiral Nevelskoy Maritime State University, NPO «Asia-Pacific Journal of Marine Science&Education. Editors Board».